Gynaecology Is a a branch of medicine that specializes in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth and in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs. It also specializes in other women’s health issues, such as menopause, hormone problems, contraception (birth control), and infertility. Also called ob/gyn.
Conditions commonly treated by Gynecologists Include:
- Issues relating to pregnancy, fertility, menstruation, and menopause.
- Family planning, including contraception, sterilization, and pregnancy termination.
- Problems with tissues that support the pelvic organs, including ligaments and muscles.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Urinary and fecal incontinence.
- Benign conditions of the reproductive tract, for example, ovarian cysts, fibroids, breast disorders, vulvar and vaginal ulcers, and other non-cancerous changes.
- Premalignant conditions, such as endometrial hyperplasia, and cervical dysplasia.
- Cancers of the reproductive tract and the breasts, and pregnancy-related tumors.
- Congenital abnormalities of the female reproductive tract.
- Emergency care relating to gynecology.
- Endometriosis, a chronic condition that affects the reproductive system.
- Pelvic inflammatory diseases, including abscesses.
- Sexuality, including health issues relating to same-sex and bisexual relationships.
- Sexual dysfunction.
Ideally, girls should schedule their first visit to a gynecologist between the ages of 13-15 years. It might just be a general talk with the doctor and know what to expect from your future visits. It is advisable to visit gynecologists annually for the check-up and at any other time when there is a concerning issue.
Few things which you should not do prior to your appointment with the gynecologist are:
- Don’t use contraceptive gels as it might undesirably affect the results of the tests.
- Avoid sexual intercourse the night before.
- Avoid self-diagnosis and self-treating, however small you think the issue might be.
- Don’t schedule your appointment during your mensural cycle; however, this is entirely on case to case basis.
- Avoid pelvic grooming just before your appointment.